YEREVAN, AUGUST 25, ARMENPRESS: Armenian prime minister Andranik Margarian, members of the government and parliament traveled August 24 to southern town of Kapan to attend the opening ceremony of a monument, dedicated to Garegin Nzhdeh, a prominent Armenian military commander who led an anti-Bolshevik uprising in the southeastern province of Syunik in 1921, May proclaiming there the Republic of Mountainous Armenia (RMA) and spoiling the Bolsheviks’ plans to surrender the region, part of historical Armenian lands, to neighboring Azerbaijan.
After months of fierce battles with the Red Army, the RMA had to capitulate in July of the same year following Soviet Russia’s promises to keep the mountainous region part of Soviet Armenia.
After losing the battle Garegin Nzhdeh, his soldiers and many prominent Armenian intellectuals, including leaders of the first independent Armenian Republic, crossed the border into neighboring Persia.
Garegin Nzhdeh was arrested by Soviet troops in Bulgaria in 1945 and executed for his “anti-Soviet activities,” including the alleged collaboration with Nazi Germany. His ashes were moved to Armenia 20 years ago from the Russian City of Vladimir.
Prime minister Margarian’s Republican party says its ideology is based on Garegin Nzhdeh’s teaching that has some nationalistic elements.